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Cheap Jerseys and the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS

By Dr Zulfikar Bux,Wholesale China Jerseys, Assistant Professor of Emergency MedicineMale circumcision is the procedure where the foreskin of the penis is surgically removed. In Guyana it isDr Zulfikar Buxmostly done for religious reasons,Cheap NHL Jerseys, but evidence is now showing that there are other reasons which are building more support for this procedure.Between the years 2002 to 2004,Iowa Hawkeyes Jerseys, multiple studies were done in  Africa which proved that male circumcision decreased the risk of female to male HIV transmission among men who were circumcised. There was a 60% drop in female to male HIV transmission in the circumcised males. In March 2007,Cheap NFL Jerseys, the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) formally endorsed male circumcision as a mode of decreasing HIV transmission in heterosexual males.SO WHAT DOES THIS ALL MEAN?This benefit of decreased HIV transmission risk only applies to heterosexual sex. It does not decrease risk of acquiring HIV in male to male sex in both males. A male who is circumcised will be at a lower risk of acquiring the HIV virus if he were to have unprotected sex with an HIV infected woman than an uncircumcised male. His chances of acquiring HIV are six times less than an uncircumcised male.HOW DO WE EXPLAIN THIS FINDING?Uncircumcised males have specific cells under the foreskin of their penis that are more vulnerable to transmission of infections than the other cells of their penis. When a male is circumcised these cells are removed and he is therefore less susceptible to acquiring infections including the HIV infection.DOES THIS MEAN THAT CIRCUMCISED MALES CAN HAVE UNPROTECTED SEX WITH MULTIPLE PARTNERS?As beneficial as circumcision is proving to be,NFL Jerseys From China, it is not a miracle cure. Although it significantly decreases the chance of female to male HIV transmission it’s not a foolproof plan. There is still a small chance of acquiring the virus if a circumcised male is to recklessly have unprotected sex with multiple females who may have HIV. Having one partner and the use of condoms are still the safer options. Circumcision may be looked at as a “back-up” plan,Cheap NFL Jerseys, but should not be the first and only plan to fight against HIV transmission.ARE THERE COMPLICATIONS FROM BEING CIRCUMCISED?Circumcision is a safe, simple and short surgical procedure. Complications are rare and easily managed and may be any of the following:– Bleeding at circumcision site– Infection at circumcision site– The foreskin might be cut too short or too long– The foreskin might fail to heal properly– The remaining foreskin might reattach to the end of the penis, requiring minor surgical repairARE THERE ANY OTHER BENEFITS TO CIRCUMCISION?Researchers have also found that male circumcision lowers risk of males acquiring the following conditions:– Herpes infection– Syphilis– Gonorrheal infection– Chlamydia infections– Urinary tract infections– Penile cancerOnce the male risk decreases, his female partner will benefit in the long run. Circumcision also prevents germs from accumulating under the foreskin of the penis and therefore significantly helps with cleanliness.In life we tend to choose the options which will benefit our livelihood and output. Being circumcised is an option. The evidence has so far shown circumcision to be a beneficial option. Food for thought!
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